Thermal Analysis of Cold-Arid Climate-Responsive Ladakh’s Vernacular Architecture

Case of Leh


  • Hargun Chawla Ggsipu
  • Anshuman Dubey Associate Professor, MBS School of Planning and Architecture


Vernacular architecture, Thermal performance, Passive design, Cold-arid region


Building form and materials of vernacular buildings enhance mitigation of harsh climatic state and intelligently utilize them for achieving thermal comfort. This paper investigates qualitatively the design strategies employed in the traditional dwellings of Ladakh, India and their response to the local climatic conditions. Based on a field case study conducted in Leh, the research covers a theoretical analysis of the thermal properties of the building envelope. Calculations for heat capacity, thermal resistance and thermal mass are presented in comparison to modern structures. The study concludes that the thermal performance meets ISO standards and is better than modern building envelopes in many respects. The passive means, cultural practices and daily activities of the community are all utilized in enhancing the indoor thermal environment.



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How to Cite

Chawla, H. and Dubey, A. (2022) “Thermal Analysis of Cold-Arid Climate-Responsive Ladakh’s Vernacular Architecture: Case of Leh”, Conscious Urbanism, 2(1), pp. 9–15. Available at: (Accessed: 25 September 2023).



Original Research Article